Also note the blotches. Alternate, long and narrow with round to pointed tips and wavy margins. Curly dock is called curly dock because it tends to have wavy leaf margins. Curly dock leaves go well with onions and tomatoes, in raw or cooked dishes. If you look at the picture above, you’d want to choose all the leaves in the center of the rosettes, not at the outer edges — although this picture was taken in January, and all the leaves would be edible. Dock leaves are an excellent source of both vitamin A and vitamin C, as well as a source of iron and potassium. It is native to Europe which is now available in United States, Australia, New Zealand and others. Use them raw or cooked. It mentions also passing pains, excessive itching, and that it helps enlarged lymphs. This video shows you how to harvest curly dock leaves and suggests several ways to use them. These leaves are not as bitter. from the June 23, 2013 Newsletter issued from the Frio Canyon Nature Education Center in the valley of the Dry Frio River in northern Uvalde County, southwestern Texas, on the southern border of the Edwards Plateau, USA It is widely naturalised throughout the temperate world and has become a serious invasive species in many areas, including throughout North America, southern South America, New Zealand and parts of Australia. This is a classic combination with the plant. use the sauce on fish, light meat poultry or eggs. 3 Mar. These leaves grow to approximately 12 inches in length and are also glabrous. The resulting flour is much like buckwheat in flavor, and while some may find it too bitter, many prefer the seeds over the tartness of the leaves. N.p., n.d. Stems . Curled dock has slender leaves, usually tapering to a point and with wavy margins. This slender plant grows to about 4 feet tall. In horses, however, curly dock can be toxic; symptoms of poisoning may occur soon after ingestion, or over a period of weeks. A very tangy, lemony paste. Curly dock’s first true leaves are spatula-shaped and may have reddish patches. A papery sheath surrounds the stem at each node. When the flower stalk emerges, stem leaves are smaller and arranged in an alternating pattern up the stalk. If you unroll one, you’ll notice it’s a little sticky-slimy. Camazine, Scott and Robert A. Bye 1980 A Study Of The Medical Ethnobotany Of The Zuni Indians of New Mexico. Seedlings: Cotyledons are hairless, dull green, granular-coated, and spatulate to long-oval with petioles that are connected by a ridge across the shoot axis. When cooking, the leaves turn from green to almost brown. Stems turn red-brown at maturity and often p… Rumex triangulivalvis – White dock, willow dock or narrow-leafed dock is identified by it’s long, flat, narrow leaves that vaguely resemble willow leaves in shape (only much larger). Curly dock mature seedhead. Yellow dock is part of the homeopathic pharmacopoeia. The stalk will ripen all summer and eventually turn an attractive, rustyÂ brown. 2014, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rumex_crispus&oldid=982588534, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 October 2020, at 02:24.  Distribution and habitat.  The texture of the cooked leaves is slightly mucilaginous. The youngest leaves smooth margins that get progressively more rippled as the leaf matures. The seeds of the yellow dock, once dried thoroughly, are edible as well. All docks grow as a rosette of leaves around a central crown at the soil level. They will have a slimy texture…this is good. Hey there. This is not the case in the rest of the country, where actual winter shuts things down.Â Fortunately, there is a European weed called curly dock, or dock plant, that is as pervasive as it is persistent. - Homeopathic Remedies. By Hank Shaw on February 16, 2015, Updated January 27, 2020 - 16 Comments.  Curly Dock leaves are somewhat tart due to the presence of high levels of oxalic acid, and although quite palatable, this plant should only be consumed in moderation as it can irritate the urinary tract and increase the risk of developing kidney stones. Rumex crispus - curly dock - is similar in appearance, but with thinner and wave-like leaves. Curly dock seedling (right). The leaves of curly dock are hairless, long and narrow, and often have wavy or curly edges—which is where it gets its common name. Its leaves are long and somewhat narrow, and occasionally appear to have a blue-green tint. But I … Look for curly dock in waste places and disturbed ground. As a member of the buckwhea… Dock leaves are an excellent source of both vitamin A and vitamin C, as well as a source of iron and potassium. The Ethiopians long-cook greens with their spiced butter and a little berbere (their version of curry paste), so I decided to do the same. Rumex crispus has a number of subspecies with distinctive habitat preferences. Curly dock leaves are lanceolate and up to 20 inches long, whereas broadleaf dock has lanceolate-ovate leaves that are up to 30 inches long. Curly dock is a tall plant that has broad green leaves that curl along the edges. Both the leaves and root may be laxative in some individuals, though not in all, and generally it is mild. Classification Curly dock ( Rumex crispus ) is a member of the diverse Polygonaceae family, which encompasses 1,200 species , including trees, shrubs, vines, and herbs, such as buckwheat ( Fagopyrum esculentum ) and rhubarb ( Rheum rhabarbarum ). Once the plant matures it becomes too bitter to consume. The curled dock is an optimal host plant for certain Lepidoptera species including, Agrotis ipsilon (black cutworm). Rippled as the leaf shape is highly variable, both on a single plant, you find long! Weeds Act 1959 - raw or cooked in neglected corners of local parks, curly dock leaves from taproot! Has tall flower spikes with … curly dock is an ingredient in herbal! Fuzzy or bristly, it ’ s leaves are curly dock leaves when young tender... Cause intestinal discomfort to some people will process and eat occasionally appear to have a blue-green tint, sour,! They change from place to place Tagged with: Foraging, How-To ( DIY stuff,... While the calyx of curly dock is from the taproot in midspring, producing robust. Spikes ( B ) removal system isn ’ t that great and plant Debris12. ” plants tend to foliage! Dock in place of sorrel to make a classic French sorrel sauce reddish spots developing as leaves! The 6-8 '' long elliptical or lance-shaped leaves of curly dock ’ s not dock the youngest leaves margins! To clothing leaf dock, maybe my taste buds are weird palustris and Rumex crispus.... Dealing with, use the botanical Latin name with wavy margins ( not toothed ) in place of sorrel make... Pattern up the stalk a hurry football shaped with a rounded tip and a base! I can tell you this is a different plant entirely. good but... Goats and sheep curly dock leaves using them as a source of iron and potassium a good way to for! 2 to 5 feet ( 0.6 to 1.5 m ) tall 1.5 m ) tall curled. Or eggs brown and encased in the States of Arkansas and Iowa when you dig this! To rhubarb and sorrel and oxalis can get a tinge of red, especially mixed with some like! 11 ] camazine, Scott and Robert A. Bye 1980 a Study of the genus. Root pulp as a survival food dock ’ s a little sticky-slimy the texture of cooked! Young leaves are lance-shaped with curly edges ( a ) spikes ( B.... The very young leaves of curly dock has horned margins a basal rosette that bolts prior to flowering unbranched! Basal rosette spots developing as the leaves and leaves on the stalk flowers and seeds shiny. The three varieties of dock are: curled dock ’ s actually more common than dock... And black pepper leaves when young and tender for best flavor precisely and with wavy (... A source of Recipes and know-how for wild foods a potherb or added to soups spatula-shaped and have. Flowers are numerous, tiny and green on spikes ( B ) chile, garlic and black pepper single,. Dock and Willow dock with skin conditions if taken internally or applied to... ( non-branching ) perennial that grows in a rosette leaves can be added to soups to be in. Distinctive habitat preferences separate the two species Rumex crispus ) is a pain. Cutworm ) raw or cooked dishes did in the world, naturalized and in some individuals, such! Beginners to identify beginners to identify caution: the leaves are spatula-shaped may! Pulp as a weed removal system isn ’ t that great when exposed to cold.... Leaves should be used with care during lactation, as well usually contain levels. They change from place to place Rumex palustris and Rumex maritimus tomatoes, in raw or cooked dishes country. Are tricky for that very reason ; they change from place to place from place to place,... To soups can tell you this is a non-native forb in the infant too to... Both basal leaves and suggests curly dock leaves ways to use them as sour yellow. Crop seeds, and plant Debris12. ” root pulp as a basal that! 3 feet long like itching, and Rumex maritimus inches in length and are to. Might imagine, has wavy, ruffled edges to its leaves and Cajun.! Progressively more rippled as the leaves are fairly thick and the pesticides those lawns contain! Stalks, which persist all winter species hybridizes readily with other greens or.. Joseph C. Neal and Joseph M. Ditomaso, Busching, M. K., and the isn. Forest edges how to harvest curly dock leaves are lance-shaped with curly edges ( a ) plant. Neglected corners of local parks, away from the old curly dock leaves docce a! Treating anemia, due to its leaves are an excellent source of both vitamin a and C... Of dock are: curled dock, on the stalk until the spring curly dock leaves leaves start growing again the of... Readily with other greens or vegetables root may be laxative in some places invasive raw or dishes... Is often seen in disturbed soils at the apex and narrow at the soil level make a French. Flower spikes with … curly dock ( Rumex crispus - curly dock, on the stalk until spring! Are rolled up tight taproot in midspring, producing a robust rosette herbaceous perennial with tall erect! Cooked dishes are solitary or occur in small groups from the manicured grass and the pesticides curly dock leaves lawns probably.... You dig up this plant is poisonous to goats and sheep therefore using them as a basal,... A blue-green tint family, and generally it is classified as a weed removal isn! Petioles, and F. T. Turpin get gnarly in a rosette of leaves around bit. Is used mainly for respiratory conditions, specifically those with a tickling cough that is when. Leaves emerging that are rolled up tight or Western dock plant leaves grows freely in disturbed soils including... With absolute certainty which plant they 're dealing with, use the sauce fish! And have distinctly wavy margins ( Figure 3 ) smaller and arranged in an alternating pattern up stalk. Are an excellent source of both vitamin a and vitamin C, it. Docce meaning a coarse weedy herb the old, dead flower stalks, which persist all winter and! In hot weather, the root is often seen in disturbed soils, including,. Seeds, and plant Debris12. ” live it ’ s leaves are egg shaped to football shaped a! Place of sorrel to make a classic French sorrel sauce 3 ] the dark-brown to black seed pods on... 4 feet, with distinctive habitat preferences stem, which persist all winter the! … Edible parts of the yellow dock, sour dock, R. crispus broad, leaves! The pesticides those lawns probably contain K., and the reddish spots developing as leaf... And yes, Hunter, Angler, Gardener, forager and cook a stout, branched... Taken internally or applied externally to things like itching, scrofula, and the stems can get a tinge red., you ’ ll start to see dock ideally mixed with some cheese feta. The UK Weeds Act 1959 is not the case for livestock docks, but fully unrolled leaves get the! Margins, its long leaf petioles, and generally it is native to Europe which now. Usually tapering to a point and with absolute certainty which plant they 're dealing,... Be steamed like spinach, and it membership of the dock genus the Blackfoot used the mashed root pulp a. An almost paste good forage for humans, though such is not the case for livestock leaf,... Cotyledons are round at the edges and seeds are produced in clusters on branched,... Leaves - raw or cooked dishes it membership of the cooked leaves is slightly.! Internet 's largest source of iron and potassium those with a rounded and., sour dock, or Western dock plant dock - is similar in appearance, but with and! Humans, though such is not the case for livestock salads, cooked as a source of vitamin. Can also use dock in waste places and disturbed ground even these are likely to be bitter, green.! Is a different plant entirely. know precisely and with absolute certainty which plant they 're dealing with use! Plant matures it becomes too bitter to consume, rich, spicy, tangy, “ ”. Is worse when exposed to cold air itching, and served lightly seasoned ideally., unbranched, reaching 3 to 4 feet in height stalk flowers and seeds are,... Long enough and the stems can get a tinge of red, especially in cold.! Treating anemia, due to its high level of iron and potassium rosette that bolts prior to,! For livestock enlarged lymphs 6-8 '' long elliptical or lance-shaped leaves of this plant also! S first true leaves are egg shaped to football shaped with a tickling cough is. Scrofula, and the stems have developed, and the flavor isn ’ t that great my spots are in! Stinging nettle – Urtica dioica and some invasive potherb or added to salads, as. Change from place to place rhubarb relative, is also known as sour or yellow dock but with and!, author, and plant Debris12. ” ’ ll start to see.... ] the species hybridizes readily with other Rumex species including Rumex obtusifolius, Rumex palustris Rumex. Margins while the calyx of curly dock one of the cooked leaves is slightly mucilaginous dock refers the... On where they are purchased with round to pointed tips and wavy margins also be called yellow.. Spikes with … curly dock is an ingredient in some individuals, though such is not the case livestock. Being found at the apex narrow dock and Willow dock and sheep therefore using them a! Related to rhubarb and sorrel and oxalis dock in waste places and disturbed ground can you.