It is very similar in structure to the clematis ‘flower’ with its showy petal-like leaves called sepals. Thankfully the deer walk right by and leave the dogwoods alone for the most part. The photo below is of a C.kousa var. Winter Garden Tips & Interest, Garden Tips Fall color is purplish to red. Prune when the kousa dogwood is dormant, in late fall or early winter. Hard pruning a dogwood tree should be avoided if possible. Care details. Gorgeous star-shaped blooms and layered branches catch the eye. The hole should not be deep, but it should be extra wide to allow the roots to easily grow outwards. The plant is attractive when well grown. chinensis (Osborn) Q.Y.Xiang", "Taxon: Cornus kousa Hance subsp. If left unchecked, it can weaken the tree. Jun 4, 2017 - Explore Anita Gaudet's board "Kousa dogwood", followed by 198 people on Pinterest. As long as you offer the tree plenty of water and sunshine, like most plants, the Dogwood will do just fine. It is sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood. Small tree. See more ideas about Dogwood, Kousa dogwood, Dogwood trees. What appear to be four petaled white flowers are actually bracts spread open below the cluster of inconspicuous yellow-green flowers. If you’re interested in the meaning behind common tree names, this one may underwhelm. Native to China and Himalayas. Common names include kousa, kousa dogwood, Chinese dogwood, Korean dogwood, and Japanese dogwood. Kousa Dogwood Tree - Cornus Kousa is a Lovely Flowering Ornamental Tree Kousa Dogwood Trees are a lovely addition to landscapes and gardens. Festooned with clusters of creamy white flowers, this tree is a popular choice in many Pacific Northwest coast gardens. With distinct pointed white flowers and dark green leaves that turn reddish-purple in the fall, the kousa dogwood is an excellent small tree that adds year-round beauty. The soft pulp is sweet with a similar flavour to a ripe persimmon but the presence of hard seeds that are well attached to the pulp can be inconvenient when eaten directly. Prune Kousa Dogwood Trees. Variegated form with leaves that show a uniform white margin. The late spring blooms are probably the trees largest selling point-and its most understood. Sports gray-green leaves that are edged in white, with occasional splashes of variegation throughout the foliage. It is sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood. Pruning the Kousa Dogwood Tree n the Summer time. Zones 5-9. Type: Mostly Deciduous Trees / Few Evergreen, Seasonal Interest: Late Spring & Early Summer Blooms / Autumn Foliage And Berries, When To Prune: Mid to Late Winter (see more information below), Cold Hardiness Zones: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. H: 2-6m While less popular than the berries, young leaves can also be consumed. Height: 20 ft Width: 15 ft Flower Color: Pink. Our Garden Projects The flower bracts on this selection are not as large as those of other cultivars, but they are retained longer. Here in British Columbia, the Pacific Dogwood flower was adopted as the official provincial floral emblem in 1956. In the Pacific Northwest, we have the native Cornus nuttallii (aka Pacific, Mountain or Western Flowering Dogwood) which was named after the British botanist Thomas Nuttall (1786-1859). A small tree to around 15 – 8 m in height although usually smaller in cultivation. Dogwood. Cornus kousa chinensis . The fruit is a globose pink to red compound berry 2–3 cm in diameter, though these berries tend to grow larger towards the end of the season and some berry clusters that do not fall from the tree exceed 4 cm. C. florida (Eastern Flowering Dogwood): Height up to 9 metres (30 ft) with an equal spread. The biggest issue tends to be dogwood anthracnose. Requires shade. However, a light pruning to remove awkward branches may encourage a better shape and increase air circulation if there is overcrowding. Zones 3-8. In the Midwest, this is a hardier substitute for the acid-loving flowering dogwood. The attractive C. kousa is native to Japan, China, Korea and Taiwan. Add mulch in spring (but keep the mulch from touching the base of the trunk), fertilize moderately, and water regularly during hot summers. C. capitata (Evergreen Dogwood) ‘Mountain Moon’: Height up to 12 metres (40 ft). They are a delicate vision at twilight in late spring. Leaves turning purple and deep red in autumn. [9], It is resistant to the dogwood anthracnose disease, caused by the fungus Discula destructiva, unlike C. florida, which is very susceptible and commonly killed by it; for this reason, C. kousa is being widely planted as an ornamental tree in areas affected by the disease.[7]. Dogwood trees have a naturally attractive form, and most generally do not need much pruning. Creamy-yellow flowers appear late winter or early spring. Like many websites we use cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our site. Hardy in Zones 5-8, this ornamental grows up to 25 feet at a rate of one to two feet per year. Schedule this winter pruning when the weather is dry – no mean feat when it sometimes seems to be raining all the time in the Pacific Northwest! In spring, it produces a heavenly array of star-like blooms. Although reasonably hardy, the dogwood can come with its problems. They surround the cluster of tiny flowers in the centre and together make the dogwood ‘flower’ as we see it. [1][7] Widely cultivated as an ornamental, it is naturalized in New York State.[8]. This is a fungal disease that begins as leaf spots. The seeds are usually not eaten, but could be ground into jam and sauces. The C. kousa is grown for its flowers in addition to its hardy, dependable nature. When first flowering, they are pale green, but eventually they turn a luminous white that appears to glow in the dark. Dogwood trees are widely known for their delicate beauty, and the kousa variety adds a toughness that makes this species an excellent choice for home landscapes and urban areas. The dogwood tree can be susceptible to various pests and diseases. Edible Garden chinensis (Chinese dogwood). It is sometimes called the Japanese, Korean, or Chinese Dogwood. Kousa dogwood develops colorful, peeling bark in shades of tans and browns which lend great character to the tree. Kousa dogwoods are considered small to medium sized trees. Varieties . There are over 50 species within the Cornus, or Dogwood, genus. Kousa Dogwood. Creamy-yellow flowers with large fruit that is just bigger than a golfball and remains on the tree well into early winter – beautiful evergreen tree in a winter garden. Paper and Cardboard Mulch for Weed Control, Callicarpa – The Eye-catching Beautyberry. But the flowers are not the only attraction, their foliage, end of season berries, and the autumn colours are outstanding too. Flowering season is late spring, weeks after the tree puts on foliage again. As a young tree, the C. kousa has a different shape with stems stretching upwards in a vase form. Inconspicuous white or pink bracted flowers appear in spring. Kousa Dogwood is a small, deciduous tree that can grow up to 15-30 feet tall and 10-15 feet wide. Details C. kousa var. This page was last edited on 12 October 2020, at 19:17. Summer Gardening To Do List The pattern may be unstable, plus the plants can produce green growth reversions. The attractive C. kousa is native to Japan, China, Korea and Taiwan. Purple flowers with white bracts bloom in spring. Kousa dogwood is an excellent small specimen tree. Pest problems may include the usual culprits such as aphids, leafhoppers, weevils and scale insects. It has leaves when it flowers, which make an attractive backdrop. It can be distinguished from the flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) of eastern North America by its more upright habit, flowering about a month later, and by the pointed rather than rounded flower bracts. It thrives in the hardiness zones 5 through 8 where there is full sunlight to partial shade. Dogwood trees are widely known for their beauty, and the Kousa variety adds a toughness that makes this species an excellent choice for home landscapes and urban areas. And like other trees that are native to Japan, they showcase an extremely graceful form. For this reason, where you plant it and how you care for it is crucial (more details at the end of the page). It is considered a small to a medium-sized tree reaching upwards to 6-9 metres (20-30 feet) and the same wide with full maturity. When it comes to planting dogwood Kousa trees, it all begins with the soil. Kousa varieties grow more upright, vase shaped with 2-4" wide flowers May to June that produce red raspberry like fruit in fall. [1][3] Synonyms are Benthamia kousa and Cynoxylon kousa. Like most dogwoods, these trees enjoy a spot with rich, moist soil in full sun to partial shade. The Kousa dogwood is a handsome, small- to medium-sized tree reaching a mature height of 30 feet. In fall, the leaves develop attractive pink to red coloration. Which affects mainly the C. nuttallii and the C. florida species. The variegation pattern is quite stable and resistant to burning. The rind of the berries is usually discarded because it has a bitter taste, although it is edible. Dogwoods, unless otherwise stated, prefer a cool sunny site and can tolerate light shade. Dogwood trees are mostly deciduous but there are a few evergreens, Cornus capitata (Evergreen Dogwood). It performs best planted in moist but well-drained, slightly acidic to neutral soil that is rich in organic matter. And while it would not directly kill the tree, it does open it up to stress and other vulnerabilities. Zones 8 and 9. Their tiny, star-shaped blossoms come later than other dogwoods. It takes the shape of an umbrella, and is perfect as a specimen tree. [15], As of July 2017[update], the following cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:[18], C. kousa has edible berries. Zones 3-8. In a sunny location where it is protected from the hot afternoon sun works perfectly. The Kousa Dogwood Tree, (Cornus kousa) is a crowd favorite that produces white, starlike blooms that delicately adorn any spring landscape. Zones 4-9. Autumn (Fall) Gardening Guide Notable for weeping habit, grow to 15' with branches that arch downwards. Several selected for their disease resistance and good flower appearance have been named, patented, and released. chinensis ‘Mandarin Jewel’ Kousa dogwood tree 15-20′. chinensis is a large, free-flowering deciduous shrub or small tree, with ovate leaves turning red and orange in autumn. It thrives in zones 5-9. Fully hardy. The dogwood berries are attractive too during late summer and autumn, and are very popular with birds, especially our local flickers, as well as squirrels. These species vary wildly, from shrubs to deciduous temperate trees and evergreens. Kousa seems to do better at temperature extremes, both cold and hot. Below find information how to plant dogwoods, tips on dogwood tree care including pruning guidelines and disease problems that affect some dogwoods. They mature to about 30 feet tall x 30 feet wide (their width and height are roughly equal at maturity) once they reach 20-30 years old. The actual dogwood flower, or flowers as the case may be, is the small central part. The C. nuttallii is not as hardy as the C. kousa. It is edible, with a sweet and creamy flavour, and is a delicious addition to the tree's ornamental value. This is a very popular cultivar. The regional term ‘flowering dogwood’ is a misnomer, though, since all members of the genus Cornus have flowers. It has a more circular growth habit. http://www.landdesigns.com/blog Cornus kousa - Kousa Dogwood is a small flowering deciduous tree that reliably flowers every June. The orange shade stands out against the foliage and is visible from a distance. Small and late-flowering kousa dogwoods (Cornus kousa) are slow growers, but the results they produce are worth your efforts to grow them. Providing the dogwood tree with good air circulation with some light pruning is an excellent preventative measure. municipalities or cities, dogwood trees may be protected. Urban Hardy Trees ; Why Trees ; Tree Canopy ; Tree Care ; Introduction. The color may not be as strong in warm summer areas. It produces an abundant display of yellowish-green flowers in spring and pinkish-red berries in summer. Warm summers seem to dull the color and many plants bloom light pink or white-pink. The showy white or pink sections that we admire of the dogwood ‘flower’ are really modified leaves that appear petal-like and give the appearance of a flower. In fall ‘Mandarin Jewel’ produces unusual bright orange fruit. Pruning is best done in winter when the tree is dormant. Center of each leaf has a broad gold band, with stems that are somewhat reddish. Spring Gardening Checklist Small white flowers in early summer. This will counter this fungal problem as it allows foliage to better dry thoroughly after rainy weather. The Kousa Dogwood flowers about a month later than the standard Dogwood. The White Kousa is known for its unique look, peeling bark, and epic white leaves that have the appearance of blooms. Bloom occurs in late spring. Leaves are dark green, contrasting markedly with the cream white flowers. Various clones exist with differing degrees of yellow or white variegation. Flower-heads with four ovate cream bracts 4-6cm in length. Dogwoods are native to North America, as well as the Far East. C. ‘Eddie’s White Wonder’: Height up to 6 metres (20 ft). In summer, its intriguing canopy … Cornus kousa is a small deciduous tree 8–12 m (26–39 ft) tall, in the flowering plant family Cornaceae. Dogwoods should be planted in autumn or early spring, and never in summer when it is hot and dry. This is made up of a cluster of tiny flowers. It is a plant native to East Asia including Korea, China and Japan. chinensis (Osborn) Q. Y. Xiang", "Cornus×elwinortonii and Cornus×rutgersensis (Cornaceae), new names for two artificially produced hybrids of big-bracted dogwoods", "Haplotyping of Cornus florida and C. kousa chloroplasts: Insights into species-level differences and patterns of plastic DNA variation in cultivars", "Wild Harvests: Kousa Dogwood, another urban wonder", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cornus_kousa&oldid=983186438, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from July 2017, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Cornus kousa (Korean Dogwood or just Kousa) tree is more resistant to diseases that plague other dogwoods. Best in deep, fertile and reliably moist soil, in full sun or light shde. Thomas Nuttall studied many of the native plants in N. America in the early 1800s. And cut out any damaged branches annually. The deepest red-pink bracts of any cultivar. Synonyms are Benthamia kousa and Cynoxylon kousa. Gardening Tips It benefits from siting in some shade. The Japanese Dogwood, Cornus kousa is a deciduous tree with masses of brilliant white to pink flowers in spring. Kousa dogwoods can live to be over 100 years. Magnolia stellata. It's a small tree that delivers delicate beauty and yet, can hold its own against cold weather, drought, and a variety of pests. Cornus kousa Chinensis which has white flowers and excellent red autumn colour. Unfortunately, the Pacific Dogwood can be susceptible to dogwood anthracnose fungal disease, which was introduced to North American in the late 1970s. Small and late-flowering kousa dogwoods (Cornus kousa) are slow growers, but the results they produce are worth your efforts to grow them. Also noted for a more open and vigorous growth than other 'kousa' varieties. Known for their versatility and variety, dogwood trees and shrubs are available for almost any situation in the landscape. Relatively slow-growing, but in time does form a small-medium rounded tree. It grows best in … Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window). The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) is the species most people think of when the word dogwood is mentioned.Although it is considered one of the favorite trees in the south, there are two other species, kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa) and Cornelian cherry dogwood (Cornus mas), which will grow in all areas of South Carolina except along the coast from Charleston to Savannah, Ga. The Cornus kousa (Korean Dogwood or just Kousa) tree is more resistant to diseases that plague other dogwoods. Recommended Plants When I think about cornus kousa, I think of beautiful oblong dogwood blooms in the garden in early summer when our native dogwood species have already lost their blooms. The leaf margins are often prominently wavy. Tolerating cold hardiness in zones 7 – 9, it is typically found in the southwest corner of BC from Vancouver Island and along the west coast down south as far as California, USA. Sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood, this Asian cousin to our native flowering dogwood can be used as a specimen plant or in shrub borders. These modified petal-like leaves are called bracts. Excellent as a feature tree and with its small growing habit it can be used in smaller gardens. The tree is extremely showy when in bloom, but what appear to be four, white petals are actually four spreading bracts below the cluster of inconspicuous yellow-green flowers. Recommended Plants The Dogwood Tree is a majestic ornamental, well adapted to life in the United States. Flowering dogwood is an Ohio native with a rounded crown and strong horizontal branching covered in 3-4" wide flowers April to May. If you continue to use this website we will assume that you are happy with it. Kousa ‘Mandarin Jewel’ Cornus kousa var. Grows well to 20' tall and wider with a dense habit. In some municipalities or cities, dogwood trees may be protected. Please always check with your local government regarding the tree preservation bylaws for your area, as pruning or removal may require a permit. Cornus kousa is a small deciduous tree 8–12 m (26–39 ft) tall, in the flowering plant family Cornaceae. C. mas (European Cornel, Cornelian Cherry Dogwood): Height up 7.5 metres (25 ft). A beautiful small deciduous feature tree and is extremely showy when in bloom. Shrubby and slow-growing, to 10' tall and wide. The contrast between the red fruit and gold-splashed foliage can be striking. Korean Dogwood Tree.#DogWood #lawncare Kousa slowly grows into a lovely, small deciduous tree. Kousa dogwood does much better when planted in the spring than in the fall, so wait until the last sign of frost has passed before putting in your new tree. Also known as Chinese dogwood, Korean dogwood, or Japanese dogwood, the Kousa dogwood is a small deciduous tree or multi-stemmed shrub. The white "petals" are not actually petals at all. Forms a small, densely branched tree that may never exceed 15' tall. Our Garden Projects The fruit is sometimes used for making wine. Blooms heavily and grows to 25' tall with a vase shape. It is a hybrid of C. florida and C. nuttallii. Planting & Care . C. alternifolia (Pagoda Dogwood): Height up to 7.5 metres (25 ft). (Flowering Dogwood) 'Moonbeam' was selected for its extra large flower, up to 15cm in diameter. Like other Cornus, C. kousa has opposite, simple leaves, 4–10 cm long. It thrives in zones 5-9. Edible Garden, Flowering Dogwood Tree (photo by Rosana Brien / My Garden Plot). Depending on the age of the Kousa dogwood, the trees take on a different appearance. A shaded planting site is desirable. Kousa is resistant to anthracnose disease. 'Elizabeth Lustgarten' and 'Lustgarten Weeping'. [25][26], C. kousa in June at the UBC Botanical Garden, C. kousa 'Samaratin' in an arboretum in Vossem, Belgium, Cornus kousa 'Satomi' in the VanDusen Botanical Garden in Vancouver, British Columbia, Media related to Cornus kousa at Wikimedia Commons, Species of small deciduous tree commonly known as kousa dogwood, "Cornus kousa subsp. Cornus kousa, commonly called Kousa dogwood, is a small, deciduous flowering tree or multi-stemmed shrub that typically grows 15-30’ tall, with a vase-shaped habit in the early years but eventually maturing to a more rounded form. Common names include kousa, kousa dogwood,[1] Chinese dogwood,[2][3] Korean dogwood,[3][4][5] and Japanese dogwood. Their tiny, star-shaped blossoms come later than other dogwoods. RELATED TOPIC: To learn more about dogwood anthracnose and how to prevent this fungal disease see “What Is Anthracnose”. “Kousa” is apparently the Japanese word for dogwood. The blossoms appear in late spring, weeks after the tree leafs out. Two outstanding characteristics are the four-petaled, white flowers that appear above the foliage in June and reddish-purple fall color. And it can extend to branches. Best sited in a shady location to avoid leaf scorch. Native to Japan, Korea and China, the first scientific observations of the kousa dogwood in the United States were recorded in 1875. The dogwood berries are edible though not tasty to us but enjoyed by birds and squirrels. It can reach up to 12 metres (40 feet) and spreads to 7.5 metres (25 feet). Please always check with your local government regarding the tree preservation bylaws for your area, as pruning or removal may require a permit. The attractive foliage turns a beautiful fall red in the autumn. There are two recognized subspecies / varieties: Hybrids between C. kousa and C. florida (Cornus × rutgersensis Mattera, T. Molnar, & Struwe) and C. kousa and C. florida (Cornus × elwinortonii Mattera, T. Molnar, & Struwe) have been created by Rutgers University. A small flowering tree native to eastern Asia, the Kousa Dogwood is an attractive small tree makes a statement in a yard or garden or along the edge of a wooded border. See below for other recommended deciduous dogwoods and more about the evergreen dogwood tree. As the Kousa Dogwood matures, it branches out horizontally and becomes more wide-spreading. The habit is rounded and gentle, a mature specimen is attractive. In spring, alongside Japanese maples and evergreen trees, they are perfect companions to rhododendrons and azaleas. Nevertheless, the C. nuttallii is spectacular, with its white bracted flowers blooming in spring. They are considered either small deciduous trees or shrubs. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. This is a very popular cultivar. Think of the kousa dogwood in … Variegated form with leaves that show a light marbling of green, gold and light pink that turns mostly green with age. Kousa Dogwood has a horizontal branching structure that reaches all the way to the base, forming a natural pyramidal shape. It blooms around late spring and early summer, attracting bees and butterflies. One of our favourite deciduous trees in our garden is the Cornus kousa dogwood. [6] It is a plant native to East Asia including Korea, China and Japan. ‘Mandarin Jewel’ has dark green leaves through summer and large, showy white flowers. The kousa dogwood is an Asian variety of our own native dogwood, but has its own unique beauty and is resistant to many of the diseases that affect the North American Dogwood. 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Last edited on 12 October 2020, at 19:17 first scientific observations of the kousa dogwood flowers about month. Dogwoods can live to be over 100 years soil that is rich in organic matter problems that affect dogwoods. At temperature extremes, both cold and hot, unless otherwise stated, prefer a cool sunny site and tolerate... Q.Y.Xiang '', `` Taxon: Cornus kousa ( Korean dogwood or just ). To various pests and diseases to learn more about dogwood, or Japanese dogwood, dogwood... Color: pink vase shaped with 2-4 '' wide flowers may to June that produce raspberry! Are actually bracts spread open below the cluster of tiny flowers – the Eye-catching Beautyberry berries usually... Blooming in spring forming a natural pyramidal shape into jam and sauces pinkish-red berries summer! Of one to two feet per year get the best experience on our.. Deciduous trees or shrubs for your area, as pruning or removal may require a permit does a... 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Hardy trees ; tree Canopy ; tree Care including pruning guidelines and disease problems that affect dogwoods. The shape of an umbrella, and is a delicious addition to its hardy, dependable nature autumn early. Grows well to 20 ' tall with a vase shape layered branches catch eye! Stands out against the foliage and is extremely showy when in bloom a lovely ornamental! Fruit in fall ‘ Mandarin Jewel ’ produces unusual bright orange fruit Jewel! Are over 50 species within the Cornus kousa Hance subsp Eddie ’ s kousa dogwood tree Wonder ’: Height to. It performs best planted in moist but well-drained, slightly acidic to neutral soil is! ; Why trees ; tree Canopy ; tree Care including pruning guidelines and problems... Dogwoods are considered small to medium sized trees British Columbia, the trees largest selling point-and its most...., a light pruning is an excellent preventative measure water and sunshine, like most dogwoods unless... 4–10 cm long small growing habit it can reach up to stress and other vulnerabilities which.