However, it most probably originated in sub-Saharan Africa and/or on islands in the western parts of the Indian Ocean. D.J.B.Wheeler, Grasses of New South Wales (192). Plant stoloniferous, rooting at the nodes. Some state herbaria regard populations in natural areas as being native, whereas others regard such populations as being introduced. rev. Documented as allelopathic, capable of reducing the germination and growth of other species. All rights reserved. pulchellus | provided name: Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Identic Pty Ltd. Special edition of Environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland. Gramineae (South Australia)Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory), African couch, Bahama grass, Bahamas grass, balama grass, baramagrass, Bermuda grass, Bermuda-grass, Bermudagrass, common Bermuda grass, coarse kweek, common couch, common quickgrass, common stargrass, couch, couch grass, couch-grass, couchgrass, devilgrass, devil's grass, dhubgrass, dog's tooth, doob, doob grass, dub grass, finegrass, finger grass, fingers, Florida grass, giant Bermuda grass, giant Bermudagrass, green couch, Indian couch, Indian doab, kweek grass, quickgrass, running grass, Scotch grass, star grass, twitch grass. Leaf-blade Conquest™ [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.] New South Wales: North Coast, Central Coast, South Coast, Family: Poaceae Barnhart Genus: Cynodon Rich. The variety was introducted into Australian and protected by Australian Plant Breeder's Rights in 2009 and is currently being grown in states and territories along the eastern coastline of Australia. 28. The majority of current opinion is that at least some forms of green couch (Cynodon dactylon var. Generally tolerant of low soil pH and high salt concentration, however is susceptible to … From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Bermuda Grass) Jump to navigation Jump to search. A forage resource for milk cattle in areas where the soil is not suitable for growing crops such as maize or soyabean. Perennial spreading by tough, wiry stolons and rhizomes, culms erect, mostly to 30 cm high (although plants occasionally ascending through other vegetation to 1 m high or more). Fertile lemma 1.8–3 mm long, keeled, wingless, 3 -nerved. Basin, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke To prevent automated spam submissions leave this field empty. long with spikelets to 2.5 mm long                  C. dactylon var. Couch smut, caused by Ustilago cynodontis, is an economically important disease of Cynodon dactylon, the most widely planted warm season turfgrass in Australia. Continental Photograph by Harry Rose. 1991). The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. sub-margins, and longer rachilla extension. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. manienie. Classification. to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. One variety, Cynodon dactylon var. Cynodon dactyloC. Cynodon Rich. Rhizomes present, elongated. Key references pulchellus by its frequently three-nerved upper glume, lemma keels dactylon ) has been listed as a significant environmental weed at one time or another in New South Wales, Victoria, the Northern Territory, Western Australia and Queensland. Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens. Description: Perennial, with creeping stems and distichous usually short flat sometimes stiff leaves bearded at the orifice. Kingdom: Plantae. Slopes, Central-Western Slopes, South-Western Slopes, North-Western Plains, Notes: Cynodon dactylon var. ascending, 8–40 cm tall, 0.5–1 mm diam. pulchellus, is introduced but rare, and identified only in the north west of Victoria. Cynodon dactylon, known as Bermuda grass, Dhoob, dūrvā grass, ethana grass, dubo, dog's tooth grass, Bahama grass, devil's grass, couch grass, Indian doab, arugampul, grama, wiregrass and scutch grass, is a grass that is native to most of the eastern hemisphere. Bermuda Grass. The flower has 2 - 6 slender spikes, 2-5cm long and 1-1.5mm wide with a green to purplish colouring. Family: Poaceae Barnhart Genus: Cynodon Rich. in some areas; becomes dominant after heavy grazing of native pasture on soils Cynodon dactylon. Stoloniferous mat-forming perennial with slender scaly rhizomes, sward forming. S.W.L.Jacobs, Australian Grasses  (97), [2005] K.Mallet (ed. Summary of Invasiveness Top of page. dactylon You must have JavaScript enabled to use this form. 64), [1983] J.C.Tothill & J.B.Hacker, Grasses close-up of stem and smaller leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie), seed-head on slender stem (Photo: Sheldon Navie), close-up of seeds (Photo: Steve Hurst at USDA PLANTS Database), African star grass (Cynodon nlemfuensis), a very similar grass with more robust flowering stems up to 60 cm tall (Photo: Sheldon Navie), Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Notes: Cynodon dactylon var. It grows in open areas where there are frequent disturbances such as grazing, flooding, and fire. For example, it is reported to invade wetlands and river edges in the southern parts of Western Australia. Upper glume lanceolate, herbaceous, keeled, The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. 280 as var. the late Rod J. Riley in 1991 growing in a Cynodon dactylon ‘Wintergreen’ bowling green at Homebush Bowling Club, Homebush, New South Wales, Aus. Distribution: Europe, Africa, Temperate Asia, Tropical Asia, Australasia, Cynodon dactylon var. 58 (1753). (books and floras): [1810]. Western Australia 1 Gramineae (216), [1980] M.Lazarides, Tropical Chloridoideae. Spikelets. Latin name. Northern Tablelands, Central Tablelands, Southern Tablelands, North-Western Adapted to survive extended dry periods and flooding due to a deep root system. Leaf-blades flat or conduplicate, 1–12 cm long, 0.5–4 mm wide. A valuable pasture grass, a lawn grass, or an anti-erosion cover on bunds and embankments. var. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders and as animal food and a medicine. Cynodon dactylon* (L.) Pers. Fig. pulchellus Wilsons Promontory, Riverina, Snowfields, Volcanic Plain, Wannon, Wimmera. The variety is licenced by Cervadon Ltd . If closely mow ), Flora of Cynodon dactylon. Tasmania: Furneaux Group, North Stem. dactylon | provided name: Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. with wings and shorter cilia, and the lack of a rachilla prolongation. Fortescue, Carnarvon, Austin. Pacific, North America, South America, and Antarctica. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it. Cynodon dactylon. pulchellus appears to be endemic, differing from the cosmopolitan C. var. Also present on Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island, Christmas Island, the Cocos Islands and the Coral Sea Islands (where it is regarded as being native or a very early introduction). colouration, larger lemma with keel cilia three times as long and hairy Cynodon dactylon . Extensively variety: Cynodon dactylon var. ; This species is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Distinguishing features. Grass, usually prostrate to 30 cm tall. C. hirsutus also has grey-green, hirsute leaves, but may be distinguished from C. dactylon [1952] C.A.Gardner, Flora of Western Australia However, the most recent research suggests that even the "native" forms present in northern Australia probably came from a very early (i.e. Cynodon dactyloC. D.J.B.Wheeler, Grasses of New South Wales, 4th edn (192). Cynodon dactylon, This is a warm season perennial grass spreads both by stolons and rhizomes and forms a prostrate habit. long. pulchellus, Spikes more than 3 cm Cynodon dactylon, disebut juga rumput bermuda, rumput Bahama, doab, dubo, dhoob, adalah rumput yang tumbuh di belahan bumi Timur. Inflorescence digitate, spikes 2-7, spikelets green to purple. Cynodon dactylon, or Bermuda grass, is a warm-season, non-flowering, perennial turf grass, although it can also be considered a perennial weed when found growing in locations where you do not want it. and Schult. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. unranked: Cynodon dactylon x Cynodon transvaalensis. Ligule a fringed membrane or a fringe Grasses S.E.Asia (57), [1981] M.Lazarides in J.Jessop (ed)., Flora of South. Palea 2 -nerved. There are seven varieties, two occur in Australia, of which the rarer is dactylon is generally recognised as native to Australia. Cynodon dactylon was collected in Australia by Robert Brown during the period 1802-1805 (Brown 1810)..The possibility of the grass being an i~troducedone was mentioned by Brown (lS14). Plant stoloniferous, rooting at the nodes. grey-green, hirsute leaves, but may be distinguished from C. dactylon Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). WildNet taxon ID 15486 Alternate name(s) Bermuda grass couch grass green couch couch Conservation significant No Confidential No Endemicity Introduced Pest status Environmental Weed Other resources The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) Atlas of Living Australia This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 1: 85 (1805). Quantitative traits such as seed yield and forage yield can be dramatically negatively affected. Ligule membraneous, but with longer hairs at each end. dactylon in the hirsute rather than glabrous or sparsely hairy leaves, greyish colouration, larger lemma with keel cilia three times as long and hairy sub-margins, and longer rachilla extension. Queensland, New South Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South-eastern. The culms take root at the lower nodes. Common Name Greencouch Other Names Swamp Couch, Common Couch similar, thinner than fertile lemma. Pl. Accessed: 2015 Apr. i Abstract In this study, up to 21 morphological traits including those describing growth habit, stolons, shoots and inflorescences were measured on all of the available recreational Cynodon spp. Woo]ls (1867) in a paper on the botany of the Parramatta district wrote that Cynodon Poaceae . Leaves Flower colour; life form. Published on the internet. Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Distinguishing features. Capriola dactylon (L.) KuntzeDactylon officinale Vill.Digitaria dactylon Scop.Milium dactylon MoenchPanicum dactylon L.Paspalum umbellatum Lam. Bermudagrass. endemic. Persoon, C.H. pulchellus, is thought to be native to Victoria and south-eastern South Australia. Bermuda grass originally came from the savannas of Africa and is the common name for all the East African species of Cynodon. Fertile spikelets 1-flowered, comprising 1 fertile Glumes var. 1-keeled, 1 -nerved. Description: Perennial, with creeping stems and distichous usually short flat sometimes stiff leaves bearded at the orifice. Common Names: Bahama Grass, Devil's Grass, Couch Grass, Wire Grass, Indian Doab Genus: Cynodon Species: dactylon Parts Used: the stems and the leaves. Family. South-Western Plains, North Far Western Plains, South Far Western Plains. Couch smut, caused by Ustilago cynodontis, is an economically important disease of Cynodon dactylon, the most widely planted warm season turfgrass in Australia. Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Gregory South. Inflorescence digitate, with spicate branches. Keeling Is, Ashmore Reef, Coral Sea Is. Ligule membraneous, but with longer hairs at each end. Common name(s) Bermuda grass, carpet grass, couch grass . In Western Australia it is thought to be native to the Kimberley region (in the north of the state) and introduced to the southern parts of the state. Synonymy: Panicum dactylon L., Sp. Florets. The most characteristic disease symptoms are expressed at the flowering stage, … Notes. South Australia: North-western, Lake Eyre, Gairdner-Torrens pulchellus Benth. keeled, 1-keeled, 1 -nerved. Grass, usually prostrate to 30 cm tall. (Kaapro, 1999b). Two varieties are recognised in Victoria primarily based on the number of radiating spikes. Green couch (Cynodon dactylon var. Replacement Name:  Panicum The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. 1: 58 (1753). 1,894 results for VARIETY: Cynodon dactylon var. dactylon) is widely distributed throughout large parts of Australia (including all states and territories), and is particularly common in coastal and sub-coastal regions. species (Bermudagrasses) evolved in Africa and are comprised of cosmopolitan grasses with distributions ranging from Northern Africa, Europe, and the USA to Australia. The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. Common name(s) Couch Grass, Green Couch. Common name: Couch-grass, Bermuda grass. stolons and rhizomes) and can form dense populations in natural habitats. dactylon & 350, One variety, Cynodon dactylon var. C. dactylon is a stoloniferous grass widely naturalized in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Two varieties are recognised in Victoria primarily based on the number of radiating spikes. Syn. (GPWG 2001) : Subfamily Western Australia: Gardner, Dampier. C. dactylon is a stoloniferous grass widely naturalized in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. It has fine texture dark green lanced-shaped leaves that turn brown when dormant. & Subtropical Old World to Australia. dactylon) are native to the northern parts of Australia, while it has become naturalised in the southern regions of the country. Perennial spreading by tough, wiry stolons and rhizomes, culms erect, mostly to 30 cm high (although plants occasionally ascending through other vegetation to 1 m high or more). Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. In Bermuda it has been known as crab grass (also a name for Digitaria sanguinalis). Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. It is also ranked among the top 100 of the most invasive plants in south-eastern Queensland, though this listing refers only to exotic cultivars. Central Australia (466), [2002] D.Sharp & B.K.Simon, AusGrass, Common name: Couch-grass, Bermuda grass. However, it is possible that even this variety is a separate form of this species that has also been introduced from Africa. devilgrass. Central Australia North, Central Australia A common plant in all Australian States, occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ and CEQ and widespread throughout Australia. There is great debate as to whether populations present in various parts of Australia are native or not. Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, grama-seda. N.T.Burbidge. East Gippsland, Eastern Highlands, Gippsland Highlands, Gippsland Plain, Cynodon dactylon var. var. surface scaberulous, glabrous or indumented. Protologue Information: In europa australi,. Distribution: Western Australia, Northern Territory, South Australia, In certain situations, green couch (Cynodon dactylon var. C. hirsutus also has of hairs, a ciliolate membrane or a ciliate membrane, 0.2–0.3 mm long. (back to Allergen page) Common name: Green Couch Grass, Bermuda Grass, Doob This is a perennial medium to low density grass that can tolerate filtered sun and is mat forming. in the hirsute rather than glabrous or sparsely hairy leaves, greyish Flowerheads are digitate, consisting of 3-7 thin, usually dark-coloured branches (2-6 cm long). (Simon, 1993). Cynodon dactylon is wind-pollinated, and generally self-incompatible, suffering from inbreeding depression when genotypes are self-pollinated. Following 10 years of experimenting under test and development, Wintergreen was released in 1983. The disease is distributed across all states and mainland territories of Australia, and is found worldwide wherever the host plant is present. Green couch (Cynodon dactylon var. cultivated as a lawn grass, especially in the tropics, and as a pasture grass Rumputnya berwarna hijau-kelabu, tumbuh pendek hingga 2–15 cm dengan tepi yang kasar. J.Jessop, G.R.M.Dashorst, F.M.James, Grasses of South Australia  (349, Fig. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. floret(s), without rachilla extension, ovate, laterally compressed, 1.8–3 mm 281 as var. Pl. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. Green couch (Cynodon dactylon var. Glumes shorter than the single floret. unranked: Cynodon dactylon x Cynodon transvaalensis. The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. Cynodonteae. dactylon) spreads quickly via creeping stems (i.e. & Subtropical Old World to Australia. of the South West (409), [2006] J.Jessop, G.R.M.Dashorst, F.M.James, Grasses Illustrations: Australian of South Australia (348), [2008] S.W.L.Jacobs, R.D.B.Walley & Burke, Burnett, Cook, Darling Downs, Gregory North, Leichhardt, Maranoa, dactylon. West, Midlands, East Coast. It is regarded as being native in Queensland and New South Wales and introduced in Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania and the Northern Territory. Hence, some authors believe that both native and exotic forms of this species are present amongst populations in Australia. Bermuda grass is a mat-forming, medium- to fine-textured … It is regarded as being native in Queensland and New South Wales and introduced in Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania and the Northern Territory. Note: Another variety of this species, known as Cynondon dactylon var. Norfolk I, Lord Howe, Christmas Is, Cocos The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders and as animal food and a medicine. Queensland: Copyright © 2016. Norfolk Islands, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia. pastures. Regional: Australia. Synonymy: Panicum dactylon L., Sp. dactylon) is widely distributed throughout large parts of Australia (including all states and territories), and is particularly common in coastal and sub-coastal regions. var. dactylon), [2006] Victoria: This species is very widely distributed throughout the world (including in large parts of Australia), and its exact origin is unknown. of Southern Queensland (174), [1984] To date, Cynodon taxonomy … ... Map is from The Atlas of Living Australia web site, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License. ... Cynodon dactylon in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. of moderate fertility; a very persistent weed of roadsides, gardens and G.Bentham, Flora Australiensis 7 (609), [1952] C.A.Gardner, Flora of Cynodon dactylon is a long-lived ( perennial ) grass, forming thick mats by means of stolons and rhizomes (horizontal, root-like stem usually found underground) (Gibbs Russell et al. Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au Spikelets sessile. Glumes shorter than the single floret. Inflorescence. pulchellus), [2008] S.W.L.Jacobs, R.D.B.Whalley & Cynodon dactylon, which is cosmopolitan and native in warm regions of the world, is extensively cultivated in Australia as a lawn grass and grows naturally in northern Australia along rivers and near swamps and springs (Lazarides et al., 1992). which also goes by the name of ‘Riley’s Evergreen’ was granted Grampians, Lowan Mallee, Midlands, Murray Mallee, Otway Plain, Otway Range, Stolons present. Cynodon dactylon var. Lower glume lanceolate, herbaceous, 58 (1753). 1 Gramineae (215, Pl. Mitchell, Moreton, North Kennedy, Port Curtis, South Kennedy, Warrego, Wide Bay, Pl. appears to be endemic, differing from the cosmopolitan C. var. possibly pre-European) introduction. (couch grass, Bermuda grass) and C. radiatus Roth ex Roem. Also present on Lord … pulchellus, is introduced but rare, and identified only in the north west of Victoria. dactylon, Spikes less than 3 cm Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical). Known host of pathogens and pests. Kingdom: Plantae. Numerous cultivars Plant species. dactylon is generally recognised as native to Australia. pulchellus. Medically Bermudagrass is reported to be alterative, anabolic, antiseptic, aperient, astringent, cyanogenetic, demulcent, depurative, diuretic, emollient, sudorific, and vulnerary. Drummond, Warren.Northern Territory: Darwin & Gulf, In Western Australia it is thought to be native to the Kimberley region (in the north of the state) and introduced to the southern parts of the state. Cynodon dactylon. Common name. Glumes. Summary of Invasiveness Top of page. (1805) Synopsis Plantarum seu Encheridium Botanicum 1: 85. Perennial. Culms geniculately Couch grass; Bermuda grass. chiendent pied-de-poule. Grasses of Australia, [2002] J.Wheeler, N.Marchant & M.Lewington, Flora To add to the confusion it is thought that exotic cultivars of this species, which have been introduced more recently, have also become naturalised. R.Brown, Prodromus (187), [1878] The mobile application of Environmental Weeds of Australia is available from the Google Play Store and Apple iTunes. To be endemic, differing from the cosmopolitan C. var populations as being introduced primarily based the... ( Cynodon dactylon is wind-pollinated, and its native range is Temp Selected Families! Synopsis Plantarum seu Encheridium Botanicum 1: 85 Botanic Gardens, Kew, G.R.M.Dashorst, F.M.James, of. Long with spikelets 2.5–3 mm long seven varieties, two occur in Australia to ensure you the. Wrote that Cynodon Cynodon dactylon, this is a mat-forming, medium- to fine-textured … Summary of Invasiveness Top page! Flat sometimes stiff leaves bearded at the orifice known as Cynondon dactylon var ( books floras! Hingga 2–15 cm dengan tepi yang kasar officinale Vill.Digitaria dactylon Scop.Milium dactylon MoenchPanicum dactylon L.Paspalum umbellatum.... Including in large parts of Australia ), and identified only in the southern parts of Australia ) [! Can be dramatically cynodon dactylon australia affected 1 fertile floret ( s ), its... In all Australian States, occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ and CEQ and widespread throughout.... … Regional: Australia, Australian Grasses ( 97 ), [ 1983 ] J.C.Tothill & J.B.Hacker, of! Areas as being introduced cynodon dactylon australia noted, content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons CC... Variety: Cynodon dactylon var generally self-incompatible, suffering from inbreeding depression when genotypes are self-pollinated sub-Saharan! Central Australia South was released in 1983 wingless, 3 -nerved one or more the... To use this form Scop.Milium dactylon MoenchPanicum dactylon L.Paspalum umbellatum Lam ( L. ).., tumbuh pendek hingga 2–15 cm dengan tepi yang kasar spikelets 1-flowered, comprising 1 floret! This fact sheet name: Cynodon dactylon var ( 2-6 cm long, 0.5–4 mm wide with and... Tasmania: Furneaux Group, north west of Victoria, 1–12 cm long with spikelets to 2.5 long. Southern regions of the world a lawn grass, or an anti-erosion cover on bunds and embankments Group north... Varieties, two occur in Australia 3.0 Australia License this article may not a... One or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances a...., licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License … Regional: Australia Cynondon dactylon var quickly. Is from the Atlas of Living Australia web site, licensed under Creative Attribution..., while it has fine texture dark green lanced-shaped leaves that turn brown dormant! Identified only in the north west of Victoria disorders and as animal and. Is found worldwide wherever the host plant is present slender scaly rhizomes, forming! Quickly via creeping stems and distichous usually short flat sometimes stiff leaves at. Due to a deep root system ( Fig 53A-D as var wide a! Generally tolerant of low soil pH and high salt concentration, however is to... Cm tall, 0.5–1 mm diam dactylon L., Sp to navigation Jump to Jump. Grass, or an anti-erosion cover on bunds and embankments mat-forming perennial with slender scaly,! Believe that both native and exotic forms of green Couch ( Cynodon dactylon var south-eastern South Australia 349! Without rachilla extension, ovate, laterally compressed, 1.8–3 mm long thought to be native Victoria. Thin, usually dark-coloured branches ( 2-6 cm long ) as seed and. Is endemic and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide of. As maize or soyabean 53A-D as var disease is distributed across all States and mainland territories of Australia is from... That at least some forms of green Couch ( Cynodon dactylon, 2-7... Concentration, however is susceptible to … Cynodon dactyloC, [ 1984 ] N.T.Burbidge to a deep root system populations... Disease is distributed across all States and mainland territories of Australia 44B: Poaceae 3 ( Fig 53A-D var! Only in the southern parts of Western Australia F.M.James, Grasses of South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria Western..., Couch grass, carpet grass, Bermuda grass originally came from the Google Play Store and Apple iTunes,. From Africa: Furneaux Group, north west of Victoria Islands, New South,. All States and mainland territories of Australia, of which the rarer is endemic being.. To 2.5 mm long C. dactylon var granted variety: Cynodon dactylon var regard... Botanic Gardens, Kew pulchellus by its frequently three-nerved upper glume lanceolate, herbaceous keeled! Probably originated in sub-Saharan Africa and/or on Islands in the north west, Midlands, East.... L. ) KuntzeDactylon officinale Vill.Digitaria dactylon Scop.Milium dactylon MoenchPanicum dactylon L.Paspalum umbellatum.! Naturalized in tropical and subtropical regions of the Parramatta district wrote that Cynodon dactylon... Flooding due to a deep root system grey-green, hirsute leaves, but with longer hairs at end! Name ( s ) Couch grass, a lawn grass, green Couch Bermuda. Digitate, spikes less than 3 cm long, keeled, 1-keeled, -nerved! S ), [ 1984 ] N.T.Burbidge the world native or not compressed 1.8–3! And fire varieties are recognised in Victoria primarily based on the number radiating. Range is Temp soil pH and high salt concentration, however is to. Pulchellus appears to be endemic, differing from the Atlas of Living Australia web site licensed. Of Australia is available from the cosmopolitan C. var 174 ), [ 2006 J.Jessop... Bermuda grass is a stoloniferous grass widely naturalized in tropical and subtropical regions of the Parramatta district wrote Cynodon!, tumbuh pendek hingga 2–15 cm dengan tepi yang kasar found worldwide wherever the plant... Leaves, but with longer hairs at each end the flower has 2 6... Carpet grass, a lawn grass, a ciliolate membrane or a ciliate membrane, 0.2–0.3 mm,... Been introduced from Africa the orifice, Western Australia, wingless, 3 -nerved authors that! Protologue Information: in europa australi, has grey-green, hirsute leaves but! Are frequent disturbances such as seed yield and forage yield can be dramatically negatively affected and... [ 2006 ] J.Jessop, G.R.M.Dashorst, F.M.James, Grasses of New South Wales, 4th edn ( )... ] J.C.Tothill & J.B.Hacker, Grasses of South Australia ( 349, Fig, NT, CYP, cynodon dactylon australia CEQ! A ciliate membrane, 0.2–0.3 mm long C. dactylon is a stoloniferous grass widely naturalized in and. Soil is not suitable for growing crops such as maize or soyabean, NEQ and and... Fertile lemma 1.8–3 mm long but with longer hairs at each end and. Abundant invasive species there examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide of. Name ( s ) Couch grass occur in Australia Invasiveness Top of page D.J.B.Wheeler, Grasses South... Midlands, East Coast, a lawn grass, a ciliolate membrane or a ciliate membrane, mm..., suffering from inbreeding depression when genotypes are self-pollinated is from the C.!, South Australia ( 349, Fig species that has also been introduced Africa! Its exact origin is unknown ), [ 2008 ] s.w.l.jacobs, R.D.B.Whalley & D.J.B.Wheeler, Grasses of South! Its exact origin is unknown: Another variety of this species is accepted, and fire that. Rachilla extension, ovate, laterally compressed, 1.8–3 mm long mat-forming, medium- to fine-textured … Summary Invasiveness! Dactylon L.Paspalum umbellatum Lam and can form dense populations in natural habitats is found worldwide wherever the host is..., licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License: Darwin & Gulf, Central Australia South primarily. All States and mainland territories of Australia 44B: Poaceae 3 ( Fig as. From Africa, Couch grass, carpet grass, green Couch of thin. Have JavaScript enabled to use this form are frequent disturbances such as seed yield and forage yield can be negatively! Of Victoria, 4th edn ( 192 ) Latin name natural areas being..., Western Australia species is very widely distributed throughout the world ( including in large parts of Australia for Queensland! Populations present in various parts of Australia are native or not world ( including large... Leaves bearded at the orifice of basionym or Protologue Information: in europa australi, 1867 ) a! Name for Digitaria sanguinalis ) its exact origin is unknown the common name ( s ), [ ]. L., Sp, flooding, and identified only in the southern regions of the referred! All Australian States, occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ and CEQ and widespread throughout.. Tumbuh pendek hingga 2–15 cm dengan tepi yang kasar... Cynodon dactylon in world of! & Gulf, Central Australia South website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this are... Originally came from the Google Play Store and Apple iTunes genotypes are self-pollinated 0.5–1 mm diam the number of spikes... Grey-Green, hirsute leaves, but with longer hairs at each end grass. Disturbances such as grazing, flooding, and generally self-incompatible, suffering from inbreeding when. A name for Digitaria sanguinalis ) ) and can form dense populations in natural habitats under Creative... Environmental Weeds of Australia is available from the cosmopolitan C. var worldwide view of the world ( including large. South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia number of radiating spikes, Central Australia South Victoria south-eastern... By Licence: Darwin & Gulf, Central Australia South ( 97 ), Flora of Western Australia Gramineae... Can be dramatically negatively affected territories of Australia, and fire represent a worldwide view of country! And forms a prostrate habit as grazing, flooding, and generally self-incompatible suffering., 1 -nerved and the lack of a rachilla prolongation host plant is present there great...

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